preparation of uranium metal by the reduction of uranium tetrafluoride with magnesium.

  • 174 Pages
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  • English
by , [New York
Uranium -- Metal
The Physical Object
Pagination162-174 p.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18855432M

The uranium tetrafluoride and magnesium were sealed in a refractory-lined reactor vessel, still referred to as a preparation of uranium metal by the reduction of uranium tetrafluoride with magnesium.

book. The thermite reaction was initiated by furnace heating the assembly to °C (1, °F); the large difference in density between slag and metal allowed complete separation in the liquid state, yielding slag-free metal.

The method of preparation of anhydrous uranium tetrafluoride incorporated above, in the opinion of the authors, is simple and offers many advantages over the conventional methods, as it does not involve prereduction of uranium(V|) to uranium(IV) state and eliminates many complex mechanical and chemical operations.

~9~ A. VOGEL, A Text Book Cited by: 7. The method of preparing metallic uranium from UF4 which comprises heating a reaction mixture comprising UF4, calcium in excess of the stoichiometric amount required to reduce said UF4, an ignition agent and Lithium until said mixture ignites, and separating the resulting metal from the resulting slag, said lithium being provided in said mixture in a proportion sufficient to produce a Cited by: 4.

URANIUM METAL PRODUCTION The production of uranium metal continues by the time-honored process developed by the Iowa State group: UP4 + 2Mg ^ U + 2MgFg. By proper blending and preheating of the ingredients, temperatures are attained by this exothermic reaction such that molten uranium and molten magnesium fluoride slag are present at the end of the.

My invention relates to the preparation of metallic uranium and more particularly to preparation of metallic uranium by means of reduction of uranium tetrafluoride with calcium. Metallic uranium is currently produced by reduction of uranium tetrafluoride with an alkaline earth metal such as magnesium or calcium.

Abstract. The concentration of carbon in uranium metal ingots induction cast from derbies prepared by the bomb-reduction of uranium tetrafluoride in the presence of magnesium is effectively reduced to less than ppM by removing residual magnesium fluoride from the.

Uranium metal also has promise as a material of construction for spent- nuclear-fuel storage casks. Uranium metal is traditionally produced by reaction of uranium tetrafluoride (UF4) with calcium metal in the presence of an elemental iodine (12) booster, as shown below.

Uranium metal has numerous uses in conventional weapons (armor penetrators) and. INTRODUCTION At the A.E.C. Feed Materials Production Center, Fernald, Ohio, which is operated by the National had Company of Ohio, purlfied uranium trioxide (UO3) is converted to uranium tetrafluoride (UF4), the UF4 is reduced to massive metal, and the metal Is fabricated Into fuel cores for the A.E.C.'s plutonium production reactors.

Details preparation of uranium metal by the reduction of uranium tetrafluoride with magnesium. PDF

The processes used are shown diagrannnatically in. Uranium processing, preparation of the ore for use in various products. Uranium (U), although very dense ( grams per cubic centimetre), is a relatively weak, nonrefractory metal.

Indeed, the metallic properties of uranium appear to be intermediate between those of silver and other true metals and those of the nonmetallic elements, so that it is not valued for structural applications. Production of uranium metal. Uranium metal is produced by reducing the uranium tetrafluoride with either calcium or magnesium, both active group IIA metals that are excellent reducing agents.

UF4(s) + 2Ca(s) -> U(s) + 2CaF2(s) This reduction may be done before or after the enrichment process, depending on the intended use of the uranium. Magnesium/Reactions With Uranium Tetrafluoride, Production Of Uranium By Reduction N* --Chemistry--Inorganic, Organic, & Physical Chemistry--Chemical Properties N --Metals, Ceramics, & Other Materials--Metals & Alloys--Preparation & Fabrication.

methods for uranium metal preparation. The carbon reduction of oxide for preparing uranium metal was not given further serious consideration in the United States during the next decade.

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Inworkers at Sylvania (5) undertook a program to develop a method for preparing uranium metal by such a process.

Early exploratory investiga­. This paper shows a methodology to obtain metallic uranium through a magnesiothermy process. Chile has two experimental reactors operated by the “Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission” (CCHEN).

One is 5 MW and the other is 10 MW. In order to fulfill international agreements about nuclear energy for testing purposes of these reactors, CChEN purchased % enriched uranium hexafluoride, also.

USA USA USA US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A US A Authority US United States Prior art keywords uranium reaction magnesium heat massive Prior art date Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Page - Satisfactory stripping can be accomplished by contacting the gas with various solid compounds or by scrubbing with water.

Cold Trapping The uranium hexafluoride in the product gas stream is condensed as a solid in refrigerated cold traps.

Description preparation of uranium metal by the reduction of uranium tetrafluoride with magnesium. FB2

After the trap is full it is taken off-stream and the uranium hexafluoride is melted and drained into a storage s: 1. reduction of uranium tetrafluoride or uranium tetrachloride by calcium or magnesium electrolysis of halogen salts in molten media. As a result of uranium oxide reduction as well as electrolysis of melts, metallic uranium powders are obtained which are separated from the.

Uranium tetrafluoride (UF 4) is a green crystalline solid compound of uranium with an insignificant vapor pressure and very slight solubility in water. Uranium in its tetravalent state is very important in different technological the uranium refining industry it is known as green salt. UF 4 is prepared from UO 2 in a fluidized bed by reaction with HF.

Metal Plant: The Production of UraniumReducing uranium tetrafluoride (green salt) with magnesium made uranium metal. The reaction took place in a large steel canister called a 'bomb'.

The bomb was first lined with magnesium fluoride in order to protect it. journal article: thermodynamics of the reduction of uranium tetrafluoride by magnesium. PRODUCTION OF URANIUM TETRAFLUORIDE AND URANIUM METAL. By E.W.

Mautz Uranium/Production By Reduction Of Uranium Tetrafluoride Using Magnesium, Uranium Tetrafluoride Uranium/Production By Reduction Of Uranium Tetrafluoride Using Magnesium. For example uranium tetrafluoride or similar halide may be reacted with an alkaline earth metal such as magnesium or calcium with consequent 1o formation of an alkaline earth fluoride and uranium metal at a temperature sufficiently high to melt the uranium and cause it to separate from the fluoride into a molten uranium pool.

Rare Metal Extraction by Chemical Engineering Techniques describes the use of chemical engineering techniques in the extraction and purification of rare metals such as uranium, thorium, and zirconium as well as hafnium, titanium, beryllium, and vanadium.

Uranium Conversion After the uranium ore concentrate is produced at the mill (where it becomes uranium oxide or "yellow cake"), it is packaged in 55 gallon drums and sent to the uranium conversion plant.

At the conversion facility, the yellow cake is processed and is then reacted with fluorine to create uranium hexafluoride (UF 6).Uranium, in the chemical form of UF 6, is suitable for use in. The production processes involved the conversion of ura- nium hexafluoride to uranium tetrafluoride and its reduction to uranium metal (Loomis and Wolf ).

Exposure was primarily through inhalation of ura- nium-bearing dusts. Other workplace toxicants. reduction of uranium oxide as compared to some other methods for preparing the metal.

A comparison particularly with the magnesium reduction of uranium tetrafluoride is of interest. Some of the ad­ vantages of carbon reduction of uranium oxide compared to the UF 4 -Mg method are pointed out here; the disadvantages or limitations of this.

The uranium tetrafluoride, known as green salt because of its characteristic color, was supplied by Mallinckrodt, DuPont and Harshaw Chemical, and was ground up on arrival, as was the magnesium. Bombs were normally 6-inch (15 cm) pipes, inch (91 cm) long, although inch (25 cm) pipes, inch ( cm) long, could be used to produce Electro Met employed 70 men to work on the reduction process (NYOO,pdf p.

52). The process of reducing uranium tetrafluoride to uranium metal was comprised of several steps performed by different job types. Those with the highest potential for exposure to radiation or radioactive materials are described in Table below (Dust Sample Results, Dec. May ).

Thorium processing, preparation of the ore for use in various products. Thorium (Th) is a dense ( grams per cubic centimetre) silvery metal that is softer than steel. It has a high melting temperature of approximately 1, °C (3, °F).

Below about 1, °C (2, °F), the metal exists in the. Electro produced uranium metal in high heat furnaces by reducing uranium tetrafluoride with magnesium metal thereby creating an instantaneous reaction and resulting in the formation of molten uranium. Molten uranium metal was then cast into ingots, and after it was cooled, the uranium metal was removed and cleaned.

studied at that time. These studies showed that uranium tetrafluoride (UF,) was much easier to prepare and handle than UCl. Also, the uranium fluorides were better than chlorides for gaseous diffusion separation of isotopes and for batch, bomb reductions to uranium metal.

Therefore, most of the uranium that has been mined, concentrated, and. Contents: New Trends in the Development of Nuclear Fuel Cycle; General Analysis of Plasma Techniques for Applications in Chemical Technology and Metallurgy; Plasma Techniques and Technology in the Processes of Opening-Up of Ores and Ore Concentrates; Plasma Technology for Producing Oxides of Natural and Regenerated Uranium from Solutions (Re-Extracts) and Melts of .Uranium metal is usually produced from uranium tetrafluoride, or green salt, in a thermite type reaction with magnesium.

Chemical Name: a) Uranium metal (U) b) Depleted Uranium (DU) Depleted Uranium (DU) Description: Depleted uranium (DU) is uranium primarily composed of the isotope uranium (U). Natural uranium is about percent U.Uranium monocarbide was synthesized on a to g scale by the reaction of uranium dissolved in a liquid zinc-magnesium alloy with finely divided carbon suspended in the liquid-metal solution.